Key Terms: Assessment

Assessment is synonymous with testing – but it should evoke so much more. What testing and assessment have in common is that they aim is to measure student learning: Did they learn? How well? But in practice, testing often measures how well students prepared for the test, rather than how well they learned. Tests also…

Key Terms: Backward Design

Think of it as pedagogy’s way of rephrasing Lenin’s maxim, “The end determines the means.” With much more positive results. Rather than start with the means – lectures, textbooks, exams, and the rest – Backward Design begins at the end. What should students learn? What should they know or be able to do? These questions…